He worked at a Kolkhoz farm, as a machine-operator, hunter and gold miner. In 1941, when the war against Fascist Germany broke out, Okhlopkov and his brother joined the army, and his brother was soon killed. Okhlopkov was at first a machine-gunner, then commander of a sub-machine gun company, and in October 1942 he became a sniper.
Okhlopkov was one of the most effective snipers in the Red Army during the World War II. He was granted the status of Hero of the Soviet Union in 1965 (#10678) as well as an Order of Lenin, after complaints he had been overlooked for the citations due to his ethnicity (he was an ethnic Yakut). In 1974, a commercial cargo ship was named in his honour. Fyodor Matveyevich Okhlopkov